The Maldives is located at the equator and experiences monsoonal climate. The Maldives has two distinct seasons; dry season (northeast monsoon) and wet season (southwest monsoon). In these two seasons the temperature varies very little.
Northeast monsoon (dry season) usually extends from January to March/April.
The change over period usually occurs sometime in late April or May accompanied by a period of unsettled weather. It is impossible to predict the change over but the start of a wet spell of three or more consecutive days of rainfall accompanied by a change in wind direction was traditionally considered as the arrival of the southwest monsoon in the Maldives.
Southwest monsoon (wet season) usually extends from May to November. In this season the Maldives can experience torrential rain, strong winds and storms.
The change over period usually occurs sometime in late November/December accompanied by a period of unsettled weather.
Daily temperature ranges from around 31C during the day to 23C at night. The mean daily maximum temperature for central parts (Male) is 30.5C and minimum temperature is 25.7C. The fact that the Maldives is located on the equator means that they receive lots of sunshine throughout the year. The islands which extend from 1 degree South of the Equator to fractionally over 7 degrees North, lie scattered along and on either side of the 73 degree East longitudinal line.
The temperature changes very little in every 24 hours. Rain can occur at any time and often without the slightest warning! The weather pattern is mainly determined by the above said two monsoon seasons, in which the winds blow from opposite directions. The relatively high humidity is made tolerable by the gentle but steady sea breeze.